In addition to typical DNS records (A, AAAA, TXT, MX, etc.), the Solana Name Service introduces brand new web3-specific types. The following table will be updated as new protocols are integrated.

ARWVAn Arweave address
SOLA concatenation of a public key and a signature
ETHAn ETH public key
BTCA BTC public key
LTCAn LTC public key
DOGEA DOGE public key
emailAn email address
urlA website URL
discordA discord username
githubA github username
redditA reddit username
twitterA twitter username
telegramA telegram username
picA profile picture
SHDWA Shadow drive address
POINTA Point network record
BSCA BSC public key
INJA Cosmos (Injective) public key
backpackA Backpack username

Record enum

The following enum is exported from @bonfida/spl-name-service

export enum Record {
  IPFS = "IPFS",
  ARWV = "ARWV",
  SOL = "SOL",
  ETH = "ETH",
  BTC = "BTC",
  LTC = "LTC",
  DOGE = "DOGE",
  Email = "email",
  Url = "url",
  Discord = "discord",
  Github = "github",
  Reddit = "reddit",
  Twitter = "twitter",
  Telegram = "telegram",
  Pic = "pic",
  SHDW = "SHDW",
  BSC = "BSC",
  Injective = "INJ",
  Backpack = "backpack",


The following records can be resolved in browser using

  • Url
  • IPFS
  • ARWV
  • SHDW

The implementation of this resolver can be found on Github

For example

Records V1 & V2

There are notable differences between Records V1 and V2. Records V1 use a derivation prefix of 0x01 and encode their content based on the SNS-IP-1 guidelines. In response to challenges related to data authenticity and staleness issues prevalent in V1, Records V2 was introduced. V2 employs a class in the derivation and a distinct encoding schema detailed in SNS-IP-3. Records V2 incorporates a validation ID system to ensure data integrity and freshness. Importantly, due to the distinct derivation, Records V1 and V2 can co-exist without collisions. However, the goal of the ecosystem is a complete migration to Records V2.

Difference between records and subdomains

In practice, let us consider the name foo.sol . If we want to find the domain's A record, containing an associated IPv4 address, then we can find it by querying \, with \1 the character of code value 1. The specification makes use of this prefix in order to differentiate between actual domains and records, which means that it is still possible to use the subdomain with no collision.

Note: \0 and \1 are convenient notations for:

  • \0 = \x00.
  • \1 = \x01.